Does cold weather affect e-bikes?

As the weather starts to drop and the snow starts to fall, it’s increasingly important to know how to properly care for your electric bike and its lithium-ion battery. Just like driving a car, frequent stops and starts waste energy unnecessarily when you ride an electric bike. If you are planning to use an e-bike regularly in winter to commute to work, then you should consider getting a specific “cold weather bike”. After spring, the weather temperature rises, then the mileage of the electric bike will gradually return to normal.

When comparing riding an electric bike for good weather with riding an electric bike in winter, there are a few key things to keep in mind. Some people can ride their bikes during the winter months, while others must store them until warmer weather returns. With a little extra care, your electric bike and battery will allow you to enjoy cycling until spring. In extreme weather conditions, such as black ice or drifting snow, both the eBike and the conventional bike must rest.

This is because the battery of an e-bike prefers to work in a temperature range of ten to twenty-five degrees. Gentle, continuous pressure on the pedals provides a constant signal to the motor, which saves energy and increases the battery life of your e-bike. Lithium-ion batteries discharge faster when cold, so if you’re riding your e-bike in winter, you’ll need to charge the battery more often than in summer or in warmer weather. Shimano STEPS uses lithium-ion (or Li-ion) batteries, this type of e-bike battery offers the best overall performance, is lightweight and has a long lifespan.

E-bikes are not just for summer, winter riding is great fun, whether it’s riding on the trails or commuting to work. A pedalling frequency of around 80 revolutions optimises consumption and extends the battery life of your e-bike. If you need further help or advice on winter maintenance of your e-bike, please contact your local Shimano service center. E-bike batteries that are out of service throughout the winter should also be removed and stored in a dry and not too cold place with a charge capacity of approximately 30-60%.

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